Pat Quinn, Governor
Stage I and Stage II Vapor Recovery Programs
Stage I Vapor Recovery
The purpose of Stage I Vapor Recovery Systems at gasoline dispensing facilities ("GDFs") is to route gasoline vapors into the tanker truck without releasing them into the atmosphere. The Stage I system, consisting of sealed product fill and vapor apparatuses or both in one apparatus, is activated by a connecting hose that allows the transfer of vapors from the underground or aboveground storage tank back to the tanker truck's empty tank compartment while the tanker truck unloads gasoline product(s) into the storage tank(s). All connections are tightly fitted and properly sealed to prevent the escape of vapors.
When using Stage I Vapor Recovery equipment, the escape of gasoline vapors is held to a minimum, helping to limit the escape of pollutants that contribute to air pollution. In addition, they are able to save money in the long run by having the majority of gasoline vapors retained in the tanks. Some of the "captured" vapors are converted back into the liquid gasoline state while the rest remains in the vapor state. The Stage I Vapor Recovery program in Illinois reduces volatile hydrocarbon emissions by nearly 5 tons per day in the Chicago Nonattainment Area and a half a ton per day in the Metro East St. Louis Nonattainment Area.
Chicago Nonattainment Area
The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 classifies the Chicago metropolitan area as a "severe" nonattainment level of air pollution. It means that there is a significant amount of air pollution capable of causing ground level ozone, and it affects a majority of people who have respiratory problems. The following counties are listed in the Chicago Nonattainment Area:
Metro East St. Louis Nonattainment Area
The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 classifies the Metro East St. Louis metropolitan area as a "moderate" nonattainment level of air pollution. It means that there is only a moderate level of air pollution capable of causing ground level ozone and it may affect people with respiratory problems. The following counties are listed in the Metro East St. Louis Nonattainment Area:
Stage I Vapor Recovery Requirements
All GDFs, whether retail or non-retail, are subject to Stage I Vapor Recovery requirements if they are located at the following counties:
GDFs located in the Chicago and Metro East St. Louis Nonattainment Areas are subject to a more stringent Stage I Vapor Recovery specification requirements. Not only do they need to have a tight connection in the product and vapor fill adaptor apparatus as well as operate a submerged loading pipe, but they are required to have a pressure/vacuum relief valve connected to each vapor vent pipe. If the vapor vent pipes have been manifolded, the open-ended vent pipe must be equipped with a pressure/vacuum relief valve. The pressure/vacuum relief valve must have the pressure and vacuum settings in the range of 2.5 to 3.5 inches water column and 6.0 to 10.0 inches water column, respectively. In addition, it has to be tested on an annual basis to determine whether they are meeting the pressure and vacuum limits.
Other GDFs located in Boone, Peoria, Rock Island, Tazewell, and Winnebago counties are not required to have pressure/vacuum relief valves on their vent pipes. Instead, they are required to have a vapor control system for fuel delivery into the tanks via tanker trucks. Minimum requirements for each facility include a submerged loading pipe and compatible vapor control devices. These devices include product/vapor fill adaptors as well as tanker truck inlet/outlet fittings. Hoses must be tightly connected to prevent any escape of gasoline vapors during a gasoline product delivery.
Stage I Vapor Recovery Rules and Regulations
Stage I Vapor Recovery rules are specifically described under Section 215.583, Section 218.583, and Section 219.583, of Title 35 of the Illinois Administrative Code. For GDFs located in the Chicago Nonattainment area, they should follow rules specified under Section 218.583. For GDFs residing in the Metro East St. Louis Nonattainment Area, they should follow the rules under Section 219.583. For GDFs not located in either Chicago or Metro East St. Louis Nonattainment Area, they should follow the rules in Section 215.583.
|JMM Management Group, LLC
||2496 Technology Drive||Elgin, IL||60123||847/888-0276|
|ECS, Inc.|| 720-L Lakeview Plaza Blvd
|B & K Equipment Company||1924 177th Street||Lansing, IL||60438-1590||708/474-3344|
|Tanknology||8900 Shoal Creek Blvd; Building 200||Austin, TX||78757||800/964-1270|
|Emro/Speedway SuperAmerica||501 W. High St.; P.O. Box 1500||Springfield, OH||45501||937/863-7034|
|BP Products North America, Inc.||4 Centerpointe Dr||LaPalma, CA||90623||630/388-4158|
|Thorntons, Inc.||10101 Linn Station Rd
|Meijer, Inc.||2929 Walker Ave NW||Grand Rapids, MI||49544||616/791-3390|
|Delta Environmental Consultants, Inc.||84 Business Park Dr||Armonk, NY||10504||800/477-7411|
All GDFs operating both Stage I and Stage II Vapor Recovery Systems shall have the records kept up-to-date and easily accessible to the inspector upon request. The following records must be kept on-site:
New or newly renovated gas dispensing facilities having installed and tested the Stage II Vapor Recovery System must register with the Illinois EPA. The Stage II registration form must be completed and returned to the Illinois EPA within 30 days after the facility has completely installed and tested the Stage II Vapor Recovery System. Existing facilities having modified their Stage II systems or changed ownership or lost their original registration certificate will need to re-register (using the registration form) to obtain the registration certificate. There are no fees involved with registering.
If for any reason you cannot download and print the registration form, please contact Jerry Clark of Illinois EPA at 217/524-1096 and request to obtain a hard copy.
Each gas dispensing facility subject to Stage II control requirements will be inspected shortly after its registration and annually thereafter. The inspection will be performed by the Illinois EPA or its delegates, e.g., Department of Agriculture, Cook County Department of Environmental Control, or City of Chicago Department of Environment. The inspectors will be checking all records relating to Stage I and Stage II Vapor Recovery requirements, inspecting vapor control equipment that appears to be malfunctioning, and detecting any leaks that may occur within the system. Nearly all inspections are conducted unannounced. It is the facility owner's or operator's responsibility to be present, or to have a designee in attendance, in the event of an inspection and provide records to the inspectors upon request.
Penalties for violating air pollution regulations can be as high as $50,000 per violation and $10,000 for each day the violation continues.
Stage II Vapor Recovery rules are specifically stated under Section 218.586 of Title 35 of the Illinois Administrative Code. If you have any questions, need assistance, or request a copy of the rules, you may contact Jerry Clark of Illinois EPA at 217/524-1096.
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