Pat Quinn, Governor
A Summary of Regulatory Requirements
Title V of the Illinois Environmental Protection Act (Act) establishes statutory requirements to ensure that solid waste will be handled in a safe and responsible manner. The requirements found in the Act and the Board's regulations are intended to reduce the occupational and environmental health risks that occur during storage, treatment, transport, transfer and disposal of solid waste.
The information presented in this fact sheet does not eliminate any person's responsibility to fulfill any legal obligation under the Act or regulations promulgated thereunder.
The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide some of the solid waste requirements, found in both the Act and the Board's regulations. For the complete requirements, please see Title V of the Act and 35 Illinois Administrative Code (IAC): Subtitle G.
For additional information on solid waste regulations in Illinois, please contact the Disposal Alternatives Unit at the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency; Bureau of Land; 1021 North Grand Avenue East; P. O. Box 19276; Springfield, Illinois 62794-9276 or call (217) 524-3300.
What is used oil?
"Used Oil" means any oil that has been refined from crude oil, used and, as a result of such use, is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities. Used oil is a special, non-hazardous waste. Special waste requires transportation by a permitted special waste hauler and shipment under a manifest.
This fact sheet only pertains to non-hazardous used oil. Used oil is a hazardous waste when the following occurs:
Where does used oil come from?
Used oil can be generated from activities conducted by home owners (do-it-yourselfers), farmers, gas stations, oil/lubricating dealers, and various commercial facilities.
What are the standards for used oil generators?
Generators of used oil do not need a permit to store the used oil on-site (on-site storage shall not exceed one year). Generators are prohibited from storing used oil in units other than tanks, containers, or RCRA permitted units. If an underground tank is used, you must comply with 35 Ill. Adm. Code 731. Tanks and containers used to store used oil must be in good condition (no severe rusting, apparent structural defects or deterioration) and not leaking.
Any generator may treat his used oil on-site without a permit issued by the Agency.
On-site burning in space heaters:
Can used oil be placed in a landfill?
Used oil cannot be disposed of in an Illinois landfill.
Used oil generated by a do-it-yourselfer may be disposed with his municipal waste until July 1, 1996. After that date liquid used oil may not be mixed with any municipal waste that is intended for collection and disposal at a landfill, and no owner or operator of a sanitary landfill may accept liquid used oil for final disposal.
Who can accept used oil?
A facility may not accept used oil from off-site for storage or treatment unless that facility has a permit issued by IEPA.
Off-specification used oil:
Used Oil generated by a do-it-yourselfer:
What are the standards for used oil burners?
A used oil generator may initiate a shipment of off-specification used oil only to a used oil burner who has a USEPA identification number and who burns the used oil in an industrial furnace or boiler. Such generators are subject to the following requirements:
What are the permit requirements for a transfer facility?
Used oil transfer facilities are transportation related facilities including loading docks, parking areas, storage areas, and other areas where shipments of used oil are held for more than 24 hours during the normal course of transportation and not longer than 35 days. Storage of used oil for greater than 35 days requires a permit issued by the Agency.
Who can transport oil?
No person shall haul or transport any used oil within Illinois or any special waste to be stored or treated within Illinois without a current, valid waste hauling permit issued by the IEPA.
No person shall transport used oil without obtaining a USEPA identification number.
What are the manifest and record keeping requirements for used oil?
Any person who delivers used oil to a permitted special waste hauler shall complete a manifest to accompany the used oil from initial delivery to the final destination of the used oil. The generator must also submit an annual report to the IEPA.
Must I submit an annual report?
A generator of non-hazardous special waste who generates more than 220 pounds in a calendar month must submit an annual special waste report to the Agency by February 1 if the generator sends any non-hazardous special waste out of state.
A generator of hazardous waste who generates 2200 pounds or more in any month must submit an annual hazardous waste report to the Agency by March 1.
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