What You Need To Know About Private Drinking Water Wells
Don't just wish for safe water –
Test for it!
Community drinking water systems are inspected and monitored under the
supervision of the Illinois Environmental Protection
Agency (IEPA), while non-community drinking water systems are the
responsibility of the Illinois
Department of Public Health (IDPH). In addition, IDPH reviews water
well installation plans, issues permits for new well construction, and
inspects wells. However, private water well owners themselves
have the primary responsibility to test well water for potential contaminants.
Groundwater (the source of fresh water for households with a well) can
become contaminated in many ways; through contact with natural pollutants,
such as arsenic and radon, and by human activities, such as chemical spills.
The degree to which a potential health threat may exist depends on the
amount and type of the contamination. In some cases, contamination of
the water can be detected by sight, taste or smell; however, many of the
most serious problems can only be detected through laboratory testing
of the water.
This web site provides information and resources that will help you maintain
safe drinking water in your well, including well water testing, potential
contaminants, how to interpret test results, treating contaminated well
water, well maintenance and tips, abandoned wells, proper location and
construction of private wells, septic system maintenance, where to get
help, and links for additional information.